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The American Eskimo Dog is a breed of companion dog originating in Germany. The American Eskimo is a member of the Spitz family. The breeds progenitors were German Spitz, but due to anti-German prejudice during the First World War, it was renamed "American Eskimo Dog". Although modern American Eskimos have been exported as German Spitz Gross (or Mittel, depending on the dogs height), the breeds have diverged and the standards are significantly different. In addition to serving as a watchdog and companion, the American Eskimo dog also achieved a high degree of popularity in the United States in the 1930s and 1940s as a circus performer.A small to medium-size Nordic-type dog, the American Eskimo dogs is known for its bright white coat, jet black points (lips, nose and eye rims) and erect triangular ears. Although once used as a circus dog, they are primarily companion dogs today and participate in conformation, obedience and agility competitions. The breeds white double coat consists of a short, dense undercoat, with longer guard hairs forming an outer coat that stands off from the body.HealthThe American Eskimo breed, with an average lifespan of about 12 to 15 years, is susceptible to minor ailments like patellar luxation, canine hip dysplasia (CHD), and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Eskies are also known to contract diabetes occasionally. To identify some of these issues, a veterinarian may run hip, knee, blood, and eye exams on the dog.
Name American Eskimo Dog (Toy, Miniature, Standard)Other Names Eskimo Spitz, American Spitz, German Spitz, EskieDogs For Kids And FamiliesOrigin United StatesGermanySize Small to MediumType PurebredLife span 12-15 yearsBreed Group Non Sporting (AKC:1994)Northern Breeds (UKC)Temperament AlertIntelligentProtectiveEnergeticFriendlyIndependentHeight Toy: 9-12 inches (22-30 cm)Miniature: 12-15 inches (30-40 cm)Standard: 15-20 inches (49-50 cm)Weight Toy: 6-10 pounds (3-5 kg)Miniature: 10-17 pounds (5-8 kg)Standard: 18-35 pounds (8-16 kg)Colors WhiteWhite & BiscuitLitter Size 4-6 puppiesPuppy Price Average $600 - $800 USD