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Mount Everest, known in Nepali as Sagarmatha and in Tibetan as Chomolungma, is Earths highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The international border between China (Tibet Autonomous Region) and Nepal runs across its summit point.Mount Everest, Sanskrit and Nepali Sagarmatha, Tibetan Chomolungma, Chinese (Pinyin) Zhumulangma Feng or (Wade-Giles romanization) Chu-mu-lang-ma Feng, also spelled Qomolangma Feng, mountain on the crest of the Great Himalayas of southern Asia that lies on the border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China, at 27°59 N 86°56 E. Reaching an elevation of 29,035 feet (8,850 metres), Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, the highest point on Earth.In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society, upon a recommendation by Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India. As there appeared to be several different local names, Waugh chose to name the mountain after his predecessor in the post, Sir George Everest, despite George Everests objections.
K2 is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. It is located on the border between Baltistan, in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan, and the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang, China. With a peak elevation of 8,611 m (28,251 feet), K2 is the highest point of the Karakoram Range and the highest point in Pakistan. K2 is known as the “Savage Mountain” due to the difficulty of ascent and the second-highest fatality rate among the “eight thousanders” for those who climb it. For every four people who have reached the summit, one has died trying.
Kangchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world. It situated between the borders of India and Nepal, have height of 8586 meters. It is also known as five treasures of snow because of high mighty peaks.Many areas of this mountain region becomes dangerous through avalanches. The landscapes of Kangchenjunga shared by India, Nepal, China and BHutan. This landscape also includes many rare plant species.
Lhotse is the fourth highest mountain in the world. It is connected to Everest via the South Col. Lhotse means “South Peak” in Tibetan. In addition to the main summit at 8,516 metres (27,940 ft) above sea level, Lhotse Middle (East) is 8,414 metres (27,605 ft) and Lhotse Shar is 8,383 metres (27,503 ft). It is located at the border between Tibet (China) and the Khumbu region of Nepal. Mount Lhotse was first climbed in 18 May,1956 by Mr. Fritz Luchsinger and Ernst Reiss from Switzerland. Mt. Lhotse is becoming famous for its tremendous and dramatic South face. The South face raises 3.2 km and is 2.25 km wide making it the steepest face of this size in the world. Lhotse is is registered as one of the most extremely difficult climbs and is rarely attempted.
The fifth highest mountain in the world, Makalu is so named due to its dark brooding appearance. Makalu literally means ‘The Great Black One’. Located about 20 kilometers east of Mount Everest, Mount Makalu also borders with China. Lionel Terry and Jean Couzy of French Expedition Team made the first successful ascent to Makalu Summit on 25th of May, 1955. However, the first attempt was made by an American team led by William Siri in the spring of 1954. Makalu is actually a double peak with its twin subsidiary peak Chomolonzo with the elevation of 25650ft to the north. It’s an isolated peak and also has proved to be very challenging climb as only five out of its sixteen attempts were successful.
Tucked away in the lush environs between Tibet and Nepal, the Cho Oyu has a height of an impressive 26, 864 feet. Located about 20 kilometres to the West of Mount Everest, visitors to Cho Oyu can enjoy the quaint tinkling of caravans drawn by the yak. The word ‘Cho Oyu’ means ‘Turquoise Goddess’ in Tibetan. The easiest way to reach Cho Oyu is from Kathmandu from where visitors have to go to the village of Tingri to get to base camp.
Seventh on the list is Dhaulagiri. It is in the Dhaulagiri Himalaya range. Its coordinates are 28°41'48?North, 83°29'35? East. It rises to 8,167 meters (26,795 feet) above sea level. The first ascent was made in 1960 by Diemberger, Nawang Dorje, Nyima Dorje, Forrer, and Schelbert.
Manaslu is the eighth highest mountain in the world at 8,163 metres (26,781 ft) above sea level. It is located in the Mansiri Himal, part of the Nepalese Himalayas, in the west-central part of Nepal. Its name, which means "mountain of the spirit", comes from the Sanskrit word manasa, meaning "intellect" or "soul". Manaslu was first climbed on May 9, 1956 by Toshio Imanishi and Gyalzen Norbu, members of a Japanese expedition. It is said that "just as the British consider Everest their mountain, Manaslu has always been a Japanese mountain".
Nanga Parbat is located in the Northern Areas of Pakistan and is the Western bastion of the Himalaya. It is the nineth highest mountain in the world and the second highest in Pakistan after K2.Nanga Parbat means "Naked Mountain" in Urdu. The name the locals call the peak is Diamir, which translates to "king of mountains."From Hermann Buhl’s solo first ascent in 1953 via the Upper North ridge to Gunther and Reinhold Messner’s first ascent of the Rupal Face in 1970 via the South South East Spur, Messner’s solo climb of the Diamir Face in 1978, and more recently Vince Anderson and Steve House’s Alpine-style ascent of the Central Pillar of the Rupal Face. These epic climbs continue to inspire climbers to attempt yearly what is considered to be the second hardest 8000m mountain after K2.
Annapurna is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes one peak over 8,000 metres (26,000 ft), thirteen peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft), and sixteen more over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft).the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and by Pokhara Valley on the south. At the western end the massif encloses a high basin called the Annapurna Sanctuary. Annapurna I Main is the tenth highest mountain in the world at 8,091 metres (26,545 ft) above sea level.